Posts Tagged ‘tobacco gum disease’

Smoking and Gum Disease, Bad Breath

Friday, August 28th, 2009

Often times, the life expectancy of people who smoke (for a certain length of time) is decreased by 14 years.  Smoking not only alters the body’s immune response and causes bad breath, but it increases the risk of gum disease (periodontal disease) by two to seven-fold.  Of course, the effects that smoking tobacco has on the periodontal tissues depends on how many cigarettes smoked daily and how long the person has sthe habits.  Usually the periodontal tissues of men rather than women are more effected. Also, if you are being treated for gum disease, there are 4,000+ chemicals in cigarettes that slow down the healing of the gums including: formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ammonia, arsenic.

Smoking also gives a favorable environment for bacteria in the mouth like P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, and A.actinomycetemcomitans, because the byproducts of smoking inhibit the mechanisms that restrict the growth of bad bacteria in the oral cavity.  With that said, smoking can encourage the early stages of periodontal lesions.  Smoking cigars and pipes have similar negative effects that cigarettes do on oral health.  So not only does smoking increase the damage that periodontal disease does, but it decreases the gum’s response to treatment, possibly causing refractory disease.  According to resources, if a person quits smoking, it is very likely that the harmful effects of tobacco use (on periodontal health) will gradually be stopped.  Therefore, if you are a smoker with oral health problems, it is definitely the best idea to quit smoking.


Tobacco, Gum Disease, and Bad Breath

Thursday, June 4th, 2009

We all know that cigarettes cause bad breath, right?  As a rule of thumb, the more you use chewing tobacco, the more likely you are to have bad breath.  Not only can chewing tobacco cause cancer and other health issues, but it has a strong link to foul breath also.

Tobacco use is indeed linked to periodontal disease (gum disease, gingivitis) because it causes the gums to lose some of their ability to adhere to the teeth.  They start pulling away from the teeth and then receding, which exposes dentin and creates pockets between the teeth/gums where bacteria can grow. Exposed dentin is very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures, which also makes it sensitive to tooth decay, with building oral bacteria producing foul-smelling sulfur compounds.  These sulfur compounds cause halitosis, which is one way how tobacco can cause bad breath.

Periodontal disease can take a long time to develop, but bad breath can be caused by tobacco in more immediate ways.  Tobacco causes the saliva in one’s mouth to decrease, which allows oral bacteria to proliferate.  The anaerobic bacteria (that produce the sulfur compounds) can grow out of control without enough saliva in the mouth.

All in all, you will much more likely have bad breath if you use tobacco continuously.  Furthermore, you will more likely develop gum disease, oral infections, and even mouth cancer.  Believe us on this– your life will be much easier in the long run if you choose to avoid tobacco.

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