Posts Tagged ‘medication’

Medications and Dry Mouth

Monday, January 10th, 2011

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics more than half of all Americans take some type of prescription drug. Many drugs list dry mouth and taste disorders as side effects. A little halitosis or a slight change in the ability to taste may not be a big deal compared to ailment or disorder the medication treats, but it may be off-putting to those around you and is treatable.

Here are a few medications that are known to cause bad breath:

Triamterene – a diuretic that is often used to treat high blood pressure and edema. Another interesting side effect is that it may cause your urine to turn bright blue.

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Antidepressants = Dry Mouth + Bad Breath

Wednesday, August 5th, 2009

Reuters published an article about a study that found antidepressant use has more than doubled in the US, going from 13 million to 27 million Americans, between the years 1996 and 2005.  One of the reasons may be that more Americans are accepting the diagnosis of depression than ever before.  An increase in use, however, has not been seen among blacks.   

The researchers noticed that not only are more Americans using antidepressants, but they are also receiving more antidepressant descriptions.  According to IMS Health, more than 164 million prescriptions were written last year for antidepressants, costing people $9.6 billion in the United States.   

As with most medications, there are many negative symptoms.  These include the obvious dry mouth and bad breath, which are symptoms in most prescription drugs.  For that, patients should try out TheraBreath and ZOX Breath Mints

These drugs affect the brain chemical serotonin, and studies found that those undergoing treatment with antipsychotic medications were less likely to undergo psychotherapy.  However, the decrease in visits to therapists may be attributed to the out-of-pocket costs for visits and lower insurance coverage. 

The FDA added its strongest warning on the use of all antidepressants in children and teens, called the “black box.”   Unfortunately, clinical trials have showed the increase in suicidal thoughts/behaviors in people using antidepressants, especially children and teens.

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Medications and Bad Breath

Thursday, May 14th, 2009

Many people are unaware that the medications that they’ve been taking for years have actually contributed to their bad breath and taste disorders. It all boils down to the unfortunate side-effects of many medications which include dry mouth and alteration in taste perception.

According to the most recent research on prescription medications, 7 out of the top 10 medications used in the US during 1998 had “dry mouth, bad breath, or taste disorders” as a side effect.

We have compiled the following list for you, along with a list of other common medication that you may be taking:

Medication

Use

Dry Mouth

Sour Taste Symptom

Listed.

Notes

Prilosec

Reflux and Ulcers

Yes

Often mistakenly prescribed for bad breath.

Prozac

Antidepressant

Yes

Mistakenly prescribed because doctors think that patients are imaging their bad breath.

Zocor

Cholesterol

No

bad breath and halitosis

Zoloft

Antidepressant

Yes

See Prozac

Zantac

Digestive

No

Often mistakenly prescribed for bad breath

Claritin

Antihistamine

Yes

bad breath and halitosis

Paxil

Antidepressant

Yes

See Prozac

Norvasc

Angina Relief

Yes

bad breath and halitosis

Vasotec

High Blood Pressure

Yes

bad breath and halitosis

Imitrex

Migraine Headaches

No

bad breath and halitosis

bad breath and halitosis

 Other common medications are part of this problem, also. This is only a partial list! Please consult your physician before altering the prescribed use of any of these medications.

bad breath and halitosis

ANOREXIANT

Adipex-P, Fastin, Ionamin, Zantryl ……phentermine

Anorex SR, Adipost, Bontril PDM……..phendimetrazine

Mazanor, Sanorex …………………………… mazindol

Pondimin, Fen-Phen …………………………fenfluramine

Tenuate, Tepanil, Ten-Tab ……………….diethylpropion

ANTIACNE

Accutane …………………………………………. isotretinoin

ANTIANXIETY

Atarax, Vistaril …………………………………. hydroxyzine

Ativan ……………………………………………….. lorazepam

Centrax …………………………………………….. prazepam

Equanil, Miltown ……………………………….. meprobamate

Librium ……………………………………………… chlordiazepoxide

Paxipam ……………………………………………. halazepam

Serax ………………………………………………… oxazepam

Valium ………………………………………………. diazepam

Xanax ………………………………………………… alprazolam

ANTICHOLINERGIC / ANTISPASMODIC

Anaspaz …………………………………………….. hyoscyamine

Atropisol. Sal-Tropine ……………………….. atropine

Banthine …………………………………………….. methantheline

Bellergal …………………………………………….. belladonna alkaloids

Bentyl …………………………………………………. dicyclomine

Daricon ………………………………………………. oxyphencyclimine

Ditropan ……………………………………………… oxybutynin

Donnatal, Kinesed ……..hyoscyamine with atropine,phenobarbital, scopolamine

Librax ………………………………………………….. chlordiazepoxide with clidinium

Pamine ………………………………………………… methscopolamine

Pro-Banthine ……………………………………….. propantheline

Transderm-Scop …………………………………. scopolamine

ANTICONVULSANT

Felbatol …………………………………………. felbamate

Lamictal ………………………………………… lamotrigine

Neurontin ………………………………………. gabapentin

Tegretol …………………………………………. carbamazepine

ANTIDEPRESSANTb

Anafranil ………………………………………. clomipramine

Asendin ………………………………………… amoxapine

Elavil …………………………………………….. amitryptaline

Luvox ……………………………………………. fluvoxamine

Norpramin …………………………………….. desipramine

Prozac ………………………………………….. fluoxetine

Sinequan ………………………………………. doxepin

Tofranil ………………………………………….. imipramine

Wellbutrin ……………………………………… bupropion

ANTIDIARRHETIC

Imodium AD …………………………………… loperamide

Lomotil …………………………………………….diphenoxylate with atropine

Motofen ………………………………………….. difenoxin with atropine

ANTIHISTAMINE

Actifed ……………………………………………. triprolidine with pseudoephedrine

Benadryl ………………………………………… diphenhydramine

Chlor-Trimeton ………………………………. chlorpheniramine

Claritin ……………………………………………. loratadine

Dimetane ……………………………………….. brompheniramine

Dimetapp……………..brompheniramine with phenylpropanolamine

Hismanal …………………………………………. astemizole

Phenergan ……………………………………….. promethazine

Pyribenzamine (PBZ) ………………………. tripelennamine

Seldane ……………………………………………. terfenadine

ANTIHYPERTENSIVE

Capoten ………………………………………. captopril

Catapres …………………………………….. clonidine

Coreg ………………………………………….. carvedilol

Ismelin ………………………………………… guanethidine

Minipress …………………………………….. prazosin

Serpasil ……………………………………….. reserpine

Wytensin ……………………………………… guanabenz

ANTIINFLAMMATORY ANALGESIC

Dolobid ………………………………………….. diflunisal

Feldene ………………………………………….. piroxicam

Motrin, Advil …………………………………… ibuprofen

Nalfon …………………………………………….. fenoprofen

Naprosyn ……………………………………….. naproxen

ANTINAUSEANT/ANTIEMETIC

Antivert ……………………………………… meclizine

Dramamine ………………………………. dyphenhydramine

Marezine …………………………………… cyclizine

ANTIPARKINSONIAN

Akineton …………………………………….. biperiden

Artane ………………………………………… trihexyphenidyl

Cogentin …………………………………….. benztropine mesylate

Larodopa …………………………………….. levodopa

Sinemet ………………………………………. carbidopa with levodopa

ANTI-PSYCHOTIC

Clozaril …………………………………………… clozapine

Compazine …………………………………….. prochlorperazine

Eskalith …………………………………………… lithium

Haldol …………………………………………….. haloperidol

Mellaril ……………………………………………. thioridazine

Navane ……………………………………………. thiothixene

Orap ………………………………………………… pimozide

Sparine ……………………………………………. promazine

Stelazine …………………………………………. trifluoperazine

Thorazine ………………………………………… chlorpromazine

BRONCHDILATOR

Atrovent ………………………………………. ipratropium

Isuprel …………………………………………. isoproterenol

Proventil, Ventolin ……………………….. albuterol

DECONGESTANT

Ornade …….. phenylpropanolamine with chlorpheniramine

Sudafed ………………………………………… pseudoephedrine

DIURETIC

Diuril ……………………………………………… chlorothiazide

Dyazide, Maxzide …… triamterine and hydrochlorothiazide

HydroDIURIL, Esidrix …………………… hydrochlorothiazide

Hygroton ……………………………………….. chlorthalidone

Lasix ……………………………………………… furosemide

Midamor ………………………………………… amiloride

MUSCLE RELAXANT

Flexeril ………………………………………… cyclobenzaprine

Lioresal ……………………………………….. baclofen

Norflex, Disipal ……………………………. orphenadrine

NARCOTIC ANALGESIC

Demerol ………………………………………… meperidine

MS Contin …………………………………….. morphine

SEDATIVE

Dalmane ………………………………………. flurazepam

Halcion ………………………………………… triazolam

Restoril ………………………………………… temazepam

bad breath and halitosis

ANTIDEPRESSANTS

Prozac Norpramin Pertofrane

Elavil Adapin Valium (occassionally)

Imavate SK-Pramine Tofranil

Aventyl Vivactil Zoloft

Paxil Sigequan

ANTIPARKINSONISM

Akineton Artane Laradopa

Parsidol

ANTIHISTAMINES (Cold Medications)

Actifed Benadryl Comtrex

Dimetapp Pheran Triaminic

Vistaril Historal

ANTIHYPERTENSIVES (High Blood Pressure Medication):

Beta Blockers, Diuretics, Anti-Coagulants

Rautensin Isemelin Aldomet

Serpasil Minipress Inversine

Hyperoid Catapres Inderal

Inderide Aquatensin Moderatic

Diazide

ANTISPASMODICS & ANTICHOLINERGICS (GASTROINTESTINAL TYPE)

Quarzan Vistrax Combid

Pro-Banthine Anaspaz PB Donnatal

Pathibate

ANTISPASMODICS & ANTICHOLINERGICS (URINARY TYPE)

Pyridium Cystospaz Ditropan

Urispas Trac-Tabs

ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS

Haldol Rau-Sed Serpasil

Thorazine Stelazine Comazine

Moban Daxolin Lithane

Lithonate

 

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A Few Surprising Causes of Bad Breath

Wednesday, April 29th, 2009

Brushing, flossing, and gargling may all be part of your daily oral hygiene routine, but taking these steps may not be enough if you have other issues.

Medications like antidepressants, diuretics, and aspirin can dry the mouth. With dry mouth, there is a lack of saliva, and saliva is what rinses away bacteria that make breath odor foul.

Bacteria – Some people may be prone to bad breath more than others. Bacteria exist on the tongue, and expel gases as they munch on food particles and other substances broken down from saliva. Also, they multiply at night, since the salivary glands slow down when you are sleeping. H. pylori, a type of bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers, can cause bad breath and gum disease if it finds a place to reside in your mouth.

Respiratory tract infections- While gum and tooth infections can cause bad breath, so can bronchitis, sinusitis, and even colds. RTIs break down tissue, which starts a flow of mucus and cells that feed bacteria that can emit foul odors.

Skipping breakfast– Not only does breakfast benefit your body and mind, but it helps to stimulate saliva production and scrub bacteria from the tongue (depending in what you eat, of course).

Diet- Low-carb diets can burn stored fat, thus creating toxic-smelling ketones. Foods that generate large amounts of amino acids, like dairy products and foods high in protein, can fuel the bacteria that produce bad breath. Obesity has also been linked with bad breath.

Breathing out of your mouth- When the tissues in your mouth are dry, saliva is prevented from washing away bacteria; thus, bad breath is encouraged. Major candidates for this are people who suffer from sleep apnea, asthma, and snoring.

Chronic illnesses- Breath that is chronically potent in a certain smell can signify a disease. For example, kidney failure can make your breath smell fishy, and uncontrolled diabetes can make your breath smell fruity.

Alcohol- Plain and simple, alcohol is dehydrating, and having a dry mouth encourages bad breath.

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