The SMILE study (Study of Mothers’ and Infants’ Life Event affecting oral health), spearheaded by the University of Adelaide, will investigate 1800 kids from birth until two to three years of age.
“We believe that oral health should not be looked at in isolation from other factors in children’s lives, and that a combined preventive approach, targeting both oral health and general health conditions, could yield significantly greater benefits for children,” explains study leader Associate Professor Loc Do, from the Australian research Centre for Population Oral Health at the University of Adelaide’s School of Dentistry.
In the last several years, there has been a push to understand why tooth decay still remains a prevalent issue in the oral health for kids in the U.S. – especially since the trend has worsened in the 2000s. From the early 1970s until the mid-1990s, tooth caries declined in the baby teeth of children ages 2 to 11. However, based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2004, the trend reversed. Children with baby teeth showed a significant rise in decay. In short, cavities are on the up.