Archive for the ‘gum disease’ Category

Slimmest and Fattest Cities in US

Thursday, April 10th, 2014

slimmest fattest cities US

A new Gallup poll has revealed the cities in the U.S. with the most obese populations. For the third year in a row, the city with the lowest obesity rate in the U.S. continues to be in Boulder, Colo., at 12.4 percent. As for large communities with a population of more than 1 million, Memphis had the highest rate at 31.9 percent. 

As health officials have pointed out, diet affects not only your waistline, but your mouth as well. After consuming food and beverages, your body processes their nutrition and supplies the body with energy, but some of the food particles linger on teeth and gums, causing problems like cavities, gingivitis and bad breath.

Nationwide, the obesity rate jumped to 27.1 percent in 2013, the highest Gallup and Healthways have recorded since tracking started in 2008. Obesity is measured by calculating a person’s body mass index (BMI) score, which takes into account height and weight. BMI scores of 30 or more are considered obese.

The fittest major U.S. communities were Denver-Aurora, Colo., San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif., and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., whereas the fattest communities were Memphis, Tenn., San Antonio, Texas, and Richmond, Va.

The data reflects the state level results for 2013, which discovered that West Virginia and Mississippi were the most obese states, while Montana and Colorado were the least obese. Three areas in Colorado – Boulder, Fort Collins-Loveland and Denver-Aurora – ranked among the communities with the 10 lowest obesity rates. Colorado is famous for its outdoor recreation and natural landscape, so these results may not be that surprising.

According to the Journal of American Medicine (JAME), more than one-third of U.S. adults (34.9 percent) are obese. No state has met the goal of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Healthy People 2010 initiative to lower obesity prevalence to 15 percent. Only one U.S. metropolitan area has hit the target.

Connection between obesity and oral health problems
Obesity can affect a person’s oral health in two main ways. First, it impacts your diet with what you consume and how often you consume it, which can result in a higher risk of tooth decay. Chowing down on foods with a lot of sugar builds plaque on your teeth – the starting point of most oral health problems for kids and adults.

Secondly, obesity can lead to an increased risk of gum disease. Studies have indicated that the more obese a person is, the higher their chances are of developing gum disease.

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World Health Organization Cuts Recommended Sugar Intake

Wednesday, March 19th, 2014

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It’s been long known that sugar is bad for the mouth. The tasty treat can cause tooth decay and cavities, and can even lead to pungent, bad breath. That’s why the World Health Organization is putting its foot down on the sweet substance. The United Nations agency has altered its sugar intake recommendation, cutting the amount in half.

On March 5, the organization published new draft guidelines that addressed concerns surrounding the negative effects that sugar has on one’s health. It reduced the recommended amount of sugar from 10 percent of your daily caloric intake to 5 percent. For an average-sized adult, that comes to around six teaspoons of the sweet stuff each day. However, that doesn’t mean a person can eat six spoonfuls of granulated sugar on a daily basis.

People often don’t realize that sugar is present in many foods they commonly eat – especially processed options. A 12-ounce can of soda, for instance, might have as many as 10 teaspoons of the substance, while a slice of bread may have around 5. While this amount includes sugars in processed foods as well as honey, juices and syrups, it does not include those that occur naturally, such as sugars in fruits.

Sugar, which is a known culprit of bad breath, was targeted for its role in dental diseases. As the most common noncommunicable diseases on earth, the World Health Organization hopes to decrease their prevalence and help people prevent the pain, tooth loss and gum disease other symptoms that come with dental issues. The guidelines also note the soaring expense of treating oral conditions – it can cost 5 to 10 percent of a person’s health budget. Not such a sweet way to spend your salary.

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The Relationship Between Oral Health and Osteoporosis

Friday, February 28th, 2014

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Bone density affects all parts of our bodies, not just our spines and hips. In this way, osteoporosis, or the thinning of bones, has an immediate connection to tooth loss. According to the National Institutes of Health, women with osteoporosis are three times more likely to experience tooth loss than those without the bone disease.

In the U.S., roughly 40 million people already have osteoporosis or are at-risk due to bone  density. The word osteoporosis literally means “porous bones” in Greek, and the condition occurs when our bones lose calcium and minerals, causing them to become weak and brittle. Bone is a living tissue that constantly regenerates, yet when the creation of the new bone doesn’t keep pace with the removal of old bone, osteoporosis kicks in. As a result, people are more prone to a painful fracture, even while doing everyday tasks, such as bending over or taking out the trash.

In 2009, a study conducted by Dr. Nicopoulou-Karayianni at the University of Athens Dental School evaluated 665 females aged 45 to 70. The number of teeth and bone density in the hips, femoral neck and lumbar spine were counted. The results showed that participants with osteoporosis had an average of three fewer teeth than subjects without the bone disease, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Skeletal bone density and toothless grins
Though the correlation between skeletal bone density and tooth loss is evident, researchers have tried to probe the causes more deeply. According to the Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center, studies indicate a link between the bone disease and bone loss in the jaw. The portion of the jaw bone that anchors teeth is called the alveolar process, and when that bone structure becomes less dense, tooth loss can occur.

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Brightening Athletes’ Smiles at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics

Wednesday, February 19th, 2014

1121970_38284485Competitions in the Olympics have moved into the dental chair. 

Throughout the games, the Procter & Gamble Company has sponsored dentists to help athletes achieve top oral health in the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Athletes will receive oral care products and educational materials at the dental clinics situated in each of the Olympic Winter Games facilities, where dentists will also offer routine dental care, dental screenings and emergency services.

No one wants a repeat of the 2012 Olympics, when poor dental health was shown to hinder athletic’ performances.

You might presume that for these world-class athletes to remain in top shape, they must have equally “fit,” or healthy, mouths. Yet, dental reports from the London Games indicated that more than half of athletes had shockingly poor oral health – worse than that of the average person their same age. Nearly 55 percent of athletes had signs of cavities, with most having irreversible decay – talk about flexing your bad breath! Even more troubling, 3 out of 4 athletes suffered from gingivitis, or early stage gum disease. The biggest kicker? Many found it worsened their training and performance, whether on the track, the field or in the gymnasium.

“It happened in the past that a dental emergency or poor oral health has seriously influenced the performance of an athlete at one of their most important events,” Dr. Paul Piccininni, a coordinator of dental services for the International Olympic Committee at both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, noted in a Procter & Gamble Company press release.

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Gum Disease Almost 100 Percent Preventable

Thursday, January 30th, 2014

gingivitisDo you wear sunscreen on blistering hot days? Do you buckle your seat belt when going on a road trip? Like these measures, taking care of your gums and teeth marks the benefits of preventative care. Think ahead of time. Not only will staying on top of your gum health ward off unwanted accidents, it might also keep money in the bank later on.

The early stage of gum disease, called gingivitis, is the inflammation of your gums. Red tissue, receding gum lines and bleeding gums after brushing are all telltale signs of gingivitis. This occurs when plaque is allowed to accumulate in the pockets between where your teeth meet the gums. Plaque contains bacteria, which produce toxins that slowly eat away at the tissue. Although gums may be irritated at this point, teeth remain firmly planted in their sockets, and no irreversible bone damage has occurred yet.

If left untreated, however, gingivitis may progress to periodontal disease, or advanced-stage gum disease. At this point, the inner layer of the gum and bone begin to pull away from teeth, creating small pockets. The deeper the pockets, the more space bacteria have to grow.

At its nastiest, gum disease can result in the loss of teeth as well as the bones that support the teeth.

Biggest causes of gum diseases:
• Tobacco products: Smoking, chewing and any other use of tobacco has been shown as one of the leading causes of gum disease. The chemicals in tobacco leave harmful bacteria in the mouth, which erodes the gum tissue. When this happens, smoker’s breath might be the least of one’s concerns. Cigarettes, cigars and pipes contribute to gingivitis and periodontitis.

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