Archive for the ‘diabetes’ Category

Is Gingivitis Contagious?

Monday, August 3rd, 2009

Is Gingivitis Contagious?

Gum disease / periodontal disease is a bacteria infection in the gums and bone area around your teeth.  Researchers have employed DNA techniques to track the path of infection between people.  How contagious it is depends on how susceptible a person is to getting the disease. 

Saliva contact is possible in settings like kissing, coughing, sneezing, sharing food (a cup, glass, etc.).

Studies by Canadian scientists showed that gingivitis is contagious with a transmission rate of between 30-70%.  It is believed that the periodontal bacteria can be transferred between partners during a kiss.  However, just because the bacteria is transmitted, does not mean that gum disease will occur, based on each individual’s immune systems.   It also depends on how often the person is exposed to infected saliva. 

Periodontal infections can be a serious problem because they are responsible for 75% of all adult tooth loss.  Unfortunately, peridontal disease also increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, osteroporosis, respiratory diseases, and pre-term low birth weight infants.

How do you avoid catching or spreading gingivitis?

  1. Complete recommended periodontal treatments.  This destroys or reduces the bacteria causing the disease.
  2. Frequent periodontal cleaning dental visits.  This reduces the risk of being re-infected.
  3. Have everyone in your family screened if there is a genetic predisposition to getting the disease.
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Bad Personal Habits Can Lead to Bad Breath

Tuesday, June 30th, 2009

Simple personal hygiene can go a long way when combating bad breath (halitosis).  Most of the time, bad breath is caused by carelessness and inconvenience.  Some people fail to visit the dentist enough to ensure the proper care of their teeth and gums.  Good personal hygiene and regular dental visits will help rule out the main causes of halitosis.

Metabolic Causes of Bad Breath

Some disorders in the body can cause halitosis.  Diabetes is yet another cause of bad breath, and may not cause any symptoms in the beginning.  Diabetes causes the build up of ketone (foul-smelling chemicals in the body) in the blood.  Exhaling breath can get rid of ketone naturally.  Dentists cannot fix this problem; instead, they may have to refer the patient to a specialist for treatment.  It is important that if you have chronic bad breath, that you get checked out for serious medical conditions.

If you change your diet, this can also cause bad breath.  If people are fasting or on a protein diet, they may also suffer from halitosis.  If people are trying to lose weight quickly, they use fat as energy, which encourages the build up of ketone in the bloodstream.  Therefore, it is common to have bad breath if you are on a diet or fasting.

If you want to avoid the problems of ketosis while on a diet, you should see a nutritionist and do your research.

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